Pancasila Mulai Tak Berdaya, Tanggung Jawab Siapa?

Pancasila Mulai Tak Berdaya, Tanggung Jawab Siapa?

Hamdan Mu’afi(*

Tensi politik Indonesia terus didera cobaan bertubi-tubi. Labilnya penegakan hukum makin menambah suhu politik yang menjurus perpecahan bangsa, kian menghatui bumi nusantara ini. Sistem demokrasi yang tidak tepat sasaran memunculkan fenomena anti pancasila.

Tokoh-tokoh bangsa yang ikut berperan meningkatnya suhu politik Indonesia masih belum cukup ampuh merangkul dan mengayomi masyarakat bawah. Justru sibuk memperbaiki citra dan memojokkan antar lawan. Entah bagaimana politikus dan tokoh yang berperan didalamnya seharusnya merangkul dan menjaga kebhinekaan bangsa ini.

Boleh dibilang pasca pilkada di Jakarta juga merembet ke wilayah lain. Aksi saling dukung dan hujat mewarnai hari-hari masyarakat Indonesia. Merujuk perkembangan di media sosial yang tak bisa dibendung saling caci serta hujatan hampir tak bisa ditekan penurunannya. Presiden Joko Widodo langsung mengomentari terkait masifnya caci dan hujatan di media sosial. Beliau menghimbau bahwa, caci maki serta menghujat bukan termasuk dari citra bangsa Indonesia. Kepolisian langsung merespon cepat komentar presiden dan sudah membentuk pemantauan di media sosial agar semua yang mengarah menebar kebencian akan diproses secara hukum.

Belum cukup di media sosial saja, yang menjadi perhatian pemerintah. Kini berita hoax atau berita bohong tangtangan terbaru oleh pemerintah dan rakyat. Berita hoax yang kian menjamur tentu menjadi perhatian pemerintah. Berita hoax sudah mengancam kebhinekaan Indonesia. Melalui kementrian Kominfo sudah memblokir ribuan lebih situs yang tidak jelas asal sumbernya. Tentunya kita patut mengapresiasi langkah pemerintah mengambil sikap tegas.

Apa yang terjadi terhadap bangsa ini, seharusnya semua rakyat apalagi pemerintah harus bertanggung jawab keberlangsungan bangsa ini. Pancasila sebagai wujud kesepakatan nasioanal melalui perjuangan berdarah-darah serta hasil eksplorasi nilai-nilai sumber dari adat istiadat bangsa leluhur kita, budaya, pemikiran, keberagaman, dan pandangan hidup dari putra putri terbaik dibumi nusantara ini semestinya di banggakan. Kemajemukan bangsa ini sudah diakui bangsa lain sebagai bangsa yang terbaik yang masih menjaga nilai-nilai luhur nenek moyang kita.

Bangsa ini seharusnya sudah mulai paham dan lebih dewasa. Mengalami empat fase berdasarkan asumsi saya ini seharusnya tolak ukur sikap bangsa ini. Di era perjuangan telah mampu menjadi bangsa pemenang dan di era awal berdirinya negara ini telah mampu menjadi negara yang disegani di hormati. Soekarno dan tokoh lainnya yang berjasa telah melahirkan pemahaman negara yang diterima oleh semua kalangan. Dibeberapa catatan era Bung Karno juga pernah mengalami perbedaan pemahaman  pancasila hingga merongrong menjadi perpecahan.

Juga di era orde baru selama perjalanan 32 tahun menjadi awal pembangunan di Indonesia. Selama 32 tahun melahirkan masalah besar bangsa ini, yakni sentralisasi dan otoriterianisme kekuasaan, rezim alergi kritik, hutang negara kepada asing kian menggunung hingga menghantam krisis moneter dan sebagainya.

Tak kalah sengit lahirnya era reformasi menambah polimik permasalahan bangsa ini. Era reformasi mungkin lebih baik, poitik lebih stabil, ekonomi positif, tetapi kurun waktu pasca tumbangnya rezim Soeharto sungguh mengecewakan. Salah satunya lepasnya Timor Timur, konflik horizontal dan vertikal, desentralisasi KKN, maningkatnya paham gerakan radikalisme, anarkisme serta meningkatnya sakte dan paham teroris yang mulai mangancam bangsa ini.

Momentum kali ini sudah tepat untuk mengembalikan peran pancasila sebagai asas acuan berdemokrasi. Mengutip sejarah bangsa ini dengan proses yang sangat panjang, seharusnya sudah tumbuh nilai kearifan dan cinta tanah air.

Mantan Rektor IAIN Sunan Ampel (UIN Sunan Ampel) Prof. Dr. Nur Syam, M.Si dalam sambutannya di buku Merevitalisasi Pendidikan Pancasila sebagai Pemandu Reformasi meyebutkan, revitalisasi nilai-nilai pancasila bisa dimulai dengan menjadikan dasar negara ini kembali sebagai pembicaraan publik, sehingga masyarakat merasakan bahwa pancasila masih ada, dan masih dibutuhkan bangsa Indonesia. Revitalisasi nilai-nilai pancasila juga dapat dilakukan dengan cara menifestasi identitas nasional.

Ini seharusnya berlaku bagi semua rakyat Indonesia, termasuk bagi kalangan politikus yang mempunyai peranan kekuasaan di negeri ini. Akhir-akhir ini para pembesar politik selalu disibukkan urusan kepentingan. Sangat jarang sekali memperhatikan nasib bangsa ini. Sangat pantas bila urusan politik bagi mereka disamakan dengan lahan industri yang menguntungkan. Jika ilustrasi seperti ini benar, kemanakah nasib anak cucu kita yang akan datang.

Pernyataan sederhana dari saya, bahwa pancasila adalah hasil maha karya anak bangsa Indonesia dan sudah sesuai keberagaman bangsa ini. Seharusnya mempunyai tanggung jawab untuk mempersiapkan anak cucu kita beradab dan terus memompa semangat cinta tanah air.

)*Correspondent LPM Solidaritas, penggiat angkatan’16.

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