DEMOKRASI ATAU MONARKI?

Pada masa orde baru, sistem pemerintahan Indonesia beralih fungsi dari demokrasi menjadi otoriter. Masa di mana sistem pemerintahan yang seharusnya kuasa tertinggi berada di tangan rakyat menjadi kuasa kesewenang-wenangan di tangan pemerintah. Dapat dikatakan, bahwa sistem pemerintahan pada masa itu sangat jauh dan tergolong menyimpang dari rumusan sistem pemerintahan yang dirumuskan oleh founding father. Pada masa itu, negara ini seolah-olah bukanlah negara yang menganut sistem demokrasi, melainkan monarki.
Tugas ataupun kewajiban yang seharusnya dijalankan sesuai birokrasi yang telah ditetapkan diambil alih oleh pihak pemerintah pusat. Undang-undang yang mengatur dalam bidang otonomi daerah tidak lagi memiliki kewenangan untuk mengatur daerah masing-masing. Kekecewaanpun terjadi dimana-mana. Hal serupa seperti ini terjadi juga dalam sistem birokrasi di UINSA.
Rektorat yang memiliki kuasa tertinggi dalam ranah perguruan tinggi, seperti yang telah ditetapkan dalam Peraturan Menteri Agama Republik Indonesia No. 8 Tahun 2014 tentang Organisasi dan Tata Kerja Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, pada bagian kedua bahwa Rektorat adalah sebagai pihak yang memimpin dan mengelola, penyelengaraan pendidikan, bukan sebagai pelaksana yang sebenarnya menjadi tugas dari pihak fakultas.
Rektorat Sang Penguasa Mutlak
Namun, jika kita melihat apa yang sedang terjadi di UINSA, tidak jauh berbeda dengan apa yang telah terjadi di Indonesia pada masa orde baru. Apakah pihak fakultas yang memiliki tugas melaksanakan tidak becus dalam menjalankan tugasnya, sehingga harus pihak Rektorat yang turun tangan dan mengambil alih tugas yang menjadi kewajiban pihak fakultas? Atau mungkinkah pihak rektorat yang tidak ada kerjaan sehingga harus ikut campur dalam menjalankan birokrasi yang telah ditetapkan?
Gelar UINSA memang masih baru disandang kepada salah satu perguruan tinggi islam negeri di Surabaya yang dulunya IAINSA. Namun gelar UINSA ini tidak selamanya membanggakan kepada mahasiswa yang akan menempuh, sedang menempuh atau yang sudah menyelesaikan kuliah di sana. Misal saja dalam hal sistem birokrasi. Setiap pemangku jabatan memiliki tugas yang wajib dijalankan berdasarkan jabatan yang telah ditetapkan. Seperti yang telah tercantum dalam Peraturan Menteri Agama Republik Indonesia No. 8 tahun 2014 di atas.
Jika peraturan di atas telah menetapkan tentang organisasi dan tata kerja Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, yang mana di sana telah ditetapkan bahwa setiap pemangku jabatan harus menjalankan birokrasi yang telah ditetapkan. Sekarang yang jadi pertanyaannya sudahkah pemangku jabatan di UINSA ini menjalankan birokrasi yang telah ditetapkan. Jika iya kenapa permasalahan perpindahan petugas kantin di Ushuluddin diputuskan oleh pihak rektorat, yang seharusnya itu menjadi wewenang dari pihak fakultas.
Selain itu, jika kita mengingat kembali tentang masalah pen-DO-an massal yang telah terjadi beberapa bulan kemarin juga diputuskan sepihak oleh pihak rektorat. Pihak fakultas yang seharusnya juga bertanggung jawab dalam memutuskan kebijakan pen-DO-an yang terjadi malah tidak mengetahui apa-apa. Terbukti ketika Bapak Muhid selaku Dekan fakultas Ushuluddin, Bapak Muktafi selaku Wadek 1 fakutas Ushuluddin dan Bapak Eko selaku Wadek 3 yang bertanggung jawab dalam bidang kemahasiswaan fakultas Ushuluddin tidak mengetahui apa-apa ketika ditanyakan tentang pen-DO-an tersebut.
Lebih Tepatnya Sistem Monarki
Mungkin lebih tepatnya sistem di UINSA ini disebut sebagai monarki, bukan demokrasi. Suatu sistem yang mensentralkan kekuasaan terhadap yang dikuasainya. Pihak rektorat lebih tepatnya disebut sebagai pihak raja, sementara pihak fakultas sebagai adipatinya. Sementara mahasiswa dan karyawan disebut sebagai prajurit dan masyarakatnya.
Perguruan tinggi Islam negeri Surabaya yang biasa disebut sebagai UINSA mungkin juga harus beralih ganti bukan sebagai perguruan tinggi islam negeri lagi, melainkan Kerajaan UINSA. Adapun gedung twin tower yang dikatakan sebagai gedung rektorat baru tak lain adalah sebagai pusat kerajaannya.
Titah para raja menjadi mutlak kepada para bawahannya. Para bawahanpun sebagai orang yang dikuasai tidak boleh menentang para raja yang menjadi penguasa bagi yang dikuasainya. Sungguh ironis perguruan tinggi lebih-lebih berbasis Islam yang seharusnya menjadi tempat pengajaran bagi mahasiswa, beralih fungsi sebagai penindasan pihak rektorat sebagai penguasa bagi mahaasiswa sebagai yang dikuasai.
Bulletin Lenterabiru Edisi XII,
Penulis: Salman Alfarisi

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