TIRANI AKADEMIK

Birokrasi merupakan alat dari penguasa dalam mengontrol kebijakannya. Dalam organisasi modern, peranan birokrasi di suatu pemerintahan sangatlah riskan sekali. Bisa saja sebuah birokrasi menjadi alat pendongkel terhadap penguasa ataupun sebagai alat represif bagi penguasa dalam mengontrol kebijakannya. Di kampus, tempat kita mengenyam ilmu dan pengetahuan, peranan birokrasi menentukan pola kebijakan yang diusung oleh Rektor sebagai pemegang kekuasaan tertinggi. Tanpa adanya birokrasi, segala kebijakan yang telah dirumuskan tidak akan berjalan sesuai dengan tahapan yang telah direncanakan. Namun, kita masih mengingat fungsi dan peranan birokrasi bukan hanya memuluskan kebijakan penguasa sesuai dengan instrumentasi kebijakan. Sebab, fungsi yang paling utama birokrasi adalah melayani masyarakat (baca: mahasiswa). Sebagaimana tugas pelayan, birokrasi mampu menjembatani apa yang menjadi musabab keluhan ataupun kebutuhan masyarakat.

Ironisnya, fungsi dan peranan birokrasi tampak timpang sebelah mengingat kebijakan yang sering kali menindas mahasiswa sebagai masyarakat yang dijembataninya. Lantas, siapa yang patut disalahkan dengan fenomena yang terjadi saat ini? kaum birokrat atau penguasa (baca: Rektor) yang represif? Di dalam istilah Yunani kita mengenal sebutan Kleptokrasi yang mempunyai arti bekerja pada maling. Asal muasal kata Kleptorasi terdiri dari dua kata, yakni “kleptos” bekerja dan “kratein” berarti maling. Sejarah penamaan Kleptokrasi berawal dari analisa tentang hubungan birokrat dengan korporasi yang saling berkelindan mencari keuntungan di tengah kekuasaan yang menyelimutinya. Layakkah kita mengecap “kaum birokrat kita” dengan sebutan tersebut? Ada dua permasalahan yang hingga saat ini masih menjadi awan kelabu bagi mahasiswa yang mulai sadar dengan ke”aku”annya.

Pertama, kebijakan tentang sistem UKT yang tidak merata dan seringkali salah sasaran. Kita sering lupa, bahwa di negeri ini PTN telah dipetak-petak berdasarkan status badan hukum milik negara (BHMN). UI, Unair, ITS, dan beberapa PTN bonafide lainnya adalah PTN berstatus BHMN. Apakah UINSa tidak termasuk didalamnya? Akan tetapi, status tersebut batal demi hukum melalui putusan mahkamah konstitusi. Kini PTN-PTN itu punya status baru bernama PTN-BH (PTN berbadan hukum).

 

Lantas, apa implikasi dari perubahan status hukum tersebut? Dengan perubahan status hukum maka PTN yang berbadan hukum selain mendapat tunjangan bantuan operasional dari negara, mereka berhak memperoleh dana dari masyarakat. maka, tidak heran jika ada perbedaan besaran UKT (uang kuliah tunggal) antara PTNBH dan non-PTN BH. Kedua, kebijakan tentang sistem DO (Droup Out). Sistem DO akan diterapkan jika mahasiswa yang “bermasalah” tersebut memenuhi kriteria yang telah ditentukan. Tapi, jika kebijakan DO didasarkan atas kepentingan bukan kebutuhan akan ada bias kelas. Ini memperlihatkan bagaimana birokrasi mengebiri kebebasan berekspresi mahasiswa. Benarkah kebijakan birokrasi kita kita tak ubahnya masa Orde Baru kala memerintah negeri ini selama 32 tahun? Dengan gaya otoriter dan represif memainkan kekuasaan diatas penderitaan rakyat seperti koboy-koboy di dalam film produksi Amerika Serikat.

Di dalam buletin ini, termuat beberapa rubrik opini dan essai untuk mencoba mencari pemecahan masalah dari dua permasalahan yang melingkupi kebijakan birokrasi akademik kampus. Ada tulisan Abe “kriting” berbentuk opini tentang hantu kebijakan kampus yang secara tidak kita sadari menyandera pola pikir kita beserta dampak dari kebijakan tersebut. Selanjutnya, essai yang ditulis oleh Rofi “Oasis” tatkala memberikan penalaran tentang pen”DO”an yang sewenang-wenang. Lebih lanjut ada opini dari Alfa yang membahas tentang UKT apakah milik mahasiswa ataukah kaum birokrasi. Tulisan penutup di rubric essai diisi oleh Brian yang menjabarkan tentang mahasiswa dan politik kebijakan kampus. Oleh karena itu, sidang pembaca yang terhormat diharapkan untuk selalu memberikan kritik dan saran dalam setiap tulisan yang kami muat. Selebihnya, hanya ada satu harapan dari kru yakni daya jelajah nalar kritis tidak pernah berhenti di tengah kecamuk ancaman dan tekanan dari kaum birokrat kampus. Dan, selamat menikmati hidangan yang telah kami sediakan. Salam!

Pengantar dalam LB volume XI 04 April 2016

Oleh : Sahabati Ulum

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