Gerakan Mahasiswa?

Dalam benak saat jadi siswa, mahasiswa yang sering berseliweran di depan sekolah ataupun berpapasan lewat dengan saya, adalah perwujudan dari sosok yang pernah melahirkan republik ini. Pemahaman ini didapat tatkala, seringnya saya mencuri dengar perdebatan mereka di pojok kampus dekat sekolah. Perdebatan tentang agama atau masalah sosial-politik sering kali membumbui pertemuan mereka dengan beberapa batang rokok dan gelas kopi. Buku-buku yang dibawa oleh mereka juga membuat saya tercenung, bagaimana buku setebal itu bisa dilahap dengan mudah, sedang saya kadang kewalahan memahami buku pelajaran.

Beberapa tahun kemudian, anak ingusan yang sering nimbrung dengan beberapa mahasiswa ini mulai sedikit paham dengan segala tetek bengek kehidupan mahasiswa. Mulai dari mata kuliah yang bisa diprogram sendiri hingga jam tidur yang tidak terjadwal, kebiasan ini berbeda jauh ketika masih berseragam abu-abu. Beragam pemikiran mulai saya akrabi tatkala menjadi seorang mahasiswa dengan latar ideologi yang berbeda-beda. Juga toko buku merupakan kegemaran saya yang terilhami dari seringnya saya nimbrung dengan beberapa mahasiswa yang saya kagumi kala itu. Sebabnya buku-buku mereka seringkali saya pinjami sekedar untuk dibaca saja tanpa kemampuan untuk memahami. Selain itu, ada sosok mahasiswa yang sering kali saya kagumi yakni Soe Hok Gie. Mahasiswa yang hidup di era Orde Baru ini seringkali menjadi buah bibir dengan ide-ide cemerlangnya.

Usai menonton film di kampus Universitas Indonesia (UI), So Hok Gie membuat tulisan pendek, berisi renungan dan keraguan tentang diri, berkonteks politik dan intelektual di Indonesia masa 1960-an. So Hok Gie teringat cerita dalam film, mengulangi refleksi tentang diri. Gie menulis: “Saja adalah mahasiswa. Sebagai mahasiswa, saja tak boleh mengingkari wudjud saja. Sebagai pemuda jang masih beladjar dan mempunjai banjak tjita-tjita, saja harus bertindak sesuai dengan wujud tadi.”

Kita mengenal Gie adalah demonstran dan intelektual. Pengalaman berkuliah di UI dan menanggapi situasi politik Indonesia memunculkan keraguan atas peran mahasiswa. Gie mendapati mahasiswa-mahasiswa telah gampang masuk ke agenda-agenda partai politik, sibuk dengan obsesi kekuasaan dan kesuksesan. Gambaran mahasiswa 1965-1966 perlahan berubah, berbarengan dengan lakon rezim Orde Baru. Gie tak ingin mengumbar sesal, cuma mengingatkan identitas dan peran mahasiswa di negeri bernasib tak karuan.

Terlepas dari pandangan awal saya terhadap mahasiswa yang dulu melekat dalam pikiran melalui Soe Hok Gie, mereka yang berstatus sebagai mahasiswa memiliki kemampuan lebih mulai luntur tatkala saya memasuki dunia kampus dengan pemahaman yang berbeda. Mereka memahami waktu hanya dengan pacaran, pamer diri di mall atau pinggir jalan, tidur, menonton televisi, mendekam di warung internet, pelesiran. Apalagi dengan keberadaan mahasiswa “genit” yang sering menjajakan tubuh dan pesonanya dengan beragam modus. Mahasiswa jenis inilah yang sering kali meresahkan saya dalam pergumulan keseharian sebagai seorang mahasiswa.

Puluhan tahun usai catatan Gie, Indonesia bergolak oleh gerakan mahasiswa. Kita ingat, 15 Januari 1974, mahasiswa jadi sorotan dari rusuh politik, mengacu penolakan atas dominasi modal Jepang di Indonesia. Protes mahasiswa berubah menjadi kerusuhan di Jakarta (Tempo, 19 Januari 2014). Semula, para mahasiswa melakukan tirakat, dialog, demonstrasi. Peristiwa-peristiwa itu berlanjut ke situasi rumit, menguak konflik di kalangan militer dan birokrasi. Gerakan mahasiswa mendapat represi dari penguasa. Stigmatisasi mahasiswa berpolitik mulai membuat universitas menjadi “kuburan sepi” dari udar gagasan dan gerakan-gerakan politik. Seribu mata dari penguasa mengondisikan mahasiswa menjadi manusia patuh, tertib, sopan.

Mahasiswa dalam situasi politik (1965-1965) berjuluk demonstran. Kita bisa membuka kembali catatan-catatan So Hok Gie atau membaca ulang puisi-puisi Taufiq Ismail. Mahasiswa sebagai demonstran berani menghadapi kekuasaan, berkorban airmata dan kematian. Mahasiswa beridentitas demonstran diabadikan Taufiq Ismail dalam puisi Dari Catatan Demonstran, 1966: Di sinilah keberanian diuji/Kebenaran dicoba dihancurkan/Pada hari-hari berkabung/Di depan menghadang ribuan lawan. Mahasiswa adalah musuh dari kekuasaan tiranik!

Sekarang, ingatan-ingatan itu berganti dengan kesedihan. Para mahasiswa di pelbagai kampus tetap menjadi kaum demonstran, berikhtiar jadi intelektual atau menuruti ambisi-ambisi kekuasaan. Kesedihan tak berujung adalah perubahan identitas mahasiswa saat mereka muncul di studio-studio televisi. Peran mereka adalah kaum bertepuk tangan, tertawa, berjoget untuk acara-acara televisi tak bermutu. Mereka mengenakan jas almamater, mengakui diri sebagai mahasiswa. Mereka tampak menghina sejarah pemaknaan mahasiswa, dari masa ke masa. Duh, mahasiswa…

Oleh : Kholifatul Umami (kader PMII 15)

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